A geneticist can’t.
This is the key to understanding the neural architecture of the human brain.
What if that geneticist were able to see the genes that are making you smarter, faster, more resilient, and more intelligent?
That’s the idea behind the field of neural biology, and it could revolutionize how scientists learn and interpret the world around us.
The field of neurobiological neuroscience is one of the oldest fields of research in the world, dating back to the 1940s, when the word was coined to describe what scientists were learning about how the brain works.
Today, neuroscience is being applied to a wide variety of areas of biology and medicine, from cancer treatment to the study of emotion and behavior.
But while most of the fields of biology, medicine, and neuroscience focus on how a single molecule changes the behavior of a cell, neural biology is exploring the way the brain processes information.
Scientists studying the structure and function of the brain say that the structure of the neurons in the brain is not static.
Instead, the brain functions like a massive network, with connections among neurons that form connections between different parts of the body.
The neural networks that make up the human body are constantly evolving, so the neurons that make a connection with a specific part of the skull and spine may not have the same connections at the same time.
“What happens in the head is like the brain has a lot of different neurons,” says Dr. Jonathan Mankoff, a professor of neurobiology and physiology at the University of California, San Francisco.
In the case of the brains brains, scientists say, they are made up of billions of individual cells.
And, as Mankoffs team is exploring, that includes many of the genes found in humans.
Mankhoff and his colleagues are using a machine called the Brain Machine to identify genes that can be linked to specific brain regions and then, with the help of technology called CRISPR, cut those genes from a variety of different tissues and organs to identify the ones that are likely to be responsible for the changes in brain function that occur as a result of a gene.
The process is called RNA interference, and its effectiveness at removing genes from specific tissues is extremely powerful.
Manksons team has found that, for example, the gene that codes for a protein called AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is inactivated by a gene that encodes a protein that has the same function.
This protein is called phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, or PIK, and is known to be active in the human cortex and amygdala.
MANKOFF’S research is being published in Science.
To do this, Mankons team was able to use a CRISpr-Cas9 tool that cuts a section of the genome at a specific location in the genome.
This section of DNA is called the promoter region, which contains genes that encode proteins.
CRISR-Cas8 has been used for decades to cut short stretches of DNA that have been associated with a disease or a mutation, but the technology is only just beginning to be able to work in the real world.
It was only in the last year or so that researchers began using it for gene-sequencing, and Mankies team is currently using the technique in a project to look at the genetic composition of a sample of neurons in order to determine whether it contains genes involved in learning.
MANS-MOSPHERIC DRUG: The brain is made up not only of neurons but also proteins that carry information across the blood-brain barrier, the barrier between the brain and the rest of the tissue.
The brain and nervous system are very complicated, so scientists think that each part of our bodies, from the brain to the brain tissue itself, is comprised of thousands of cells.
In this case, a brain cell is comprised entirely of mitochondria, which are the energy stores of the cell.
Mitochondria can function like batteries, powering the brain cells in the same way that water or air power a car.
The mitochondrial function of a mitochondria is important because when the brain uses mitochondria to fuel the cells, it keeps them healthy and alive.
But the process that happens inside the mitochondria also makes it difficult for the mitochondrian cells to produce energy in the first place.
That’s why the cells have to burn off some of their energy, and this leads to the mitochondrially producing the chemical energy they need to keep the cells alive.
As a result, the cells’ cells stop working and die.
Scientists have been studying how the body manages the mitochondrion function and its energy production for decades.
Scientists had a few theories about how mitochondria might perform this function, but they were largely speculative.
Mitotransmitters that control the activity of mitochondrions in the body, known as mitochondria-dependent signaling